Spring Construction And Main Functions

Spring Construction And Main Functions

Spring Is A Kind Of Mechanical Part That Uses Elasticity To Work. It Is Usually Made Of Spring Steel. It Is Widely Used In Machines And Meters To Control The Motion Of Parts, Relieve Impact Or Vibration, Store Energy And Measure The Force. The Types Of Springs Are Complex And Varied. They Are Divided Into Shapes, Mainly Spiral Springs, Plate Springs, Etc.

According To The Nature Of The Force, The Spring Can Be Divided Into A Tension Spring, A Compression Spring, A Torsion Spring And A Bending Spring. The Shape Can Be Divided Into A Disc Spring, An Annular Spring, A Plate Spring, A Coil Spring, A Truncated Cone Vortex Spring And A Torsion Bar Spring, Etc. The Ordinary Cylindrical Spring Is Widely Used Due To Its Simple Manufacture And Its Various Types Can Be Made According To The Loading Conditions. The Structure Is Simple.

Spring Manufacturing Materials Generally Should Have High Elastic Limit, Fatigue Limit, Impact Toughness And Good Heat Treatment Performance, Commonly Used Carbon Spring Steel, Alloy Spring Steel, Stainless Steel Spring Steel And Copper Alloy, Nickel Alloy And Rubber Etc. Springs Are Manufactured Using The Cold Coil Method And The Hot Coil Method. The Spring Coil Wire Diameter Is Less Than 8 Mm, And The Cold Coil Method Is Generally Used. The Spring Coil Method Is Larger Than 8 Mm. Some Springs Are Also Subjected To Strong Pressure Or Shot Blasting After They Are Made. Treatment Can Improve The Carrying Capacity Of The Spring.

The Function Of The Spring Can Generally Be Summarized As Follows:

1. Control The Operation Of Machinery, Such As Valve Springs In Internal Combustion Engines, Control Springs In Clutches, Etc.

2. Absorb The Energy Generated By Vibration And Impact, Such As The Buffer Spring Under The Car, The Train Compartment, And The Vibration-Absorbing Spring In The Coupling.

3. As A Power Storage And Output Energy, Such As Clock Springs, Springs In The Firearms.

4. As A Testing Force Of The Components, Such As Force Measuring Devices, Spring Balances And Other Springs. Spring Bearing Capacity And Deformation Can Be Compared To Get The Spring Stiffness, The Higher The Stiffness, The Higher The Hardness Of The Spring.

The Compression Springs Are Hand-Wound, And The Technology Is Relatively Immature. The Production Efficiency Is Relatively Low. It Is Very Difficult To Produce Large Springs On Heavy Equipment Such As Trains Or Tanks. As The Number Of Industrial Products Increases, Spring Products Also Become More Abundant.

The Spring Is A Kind Of Elastic Component Widely Used In The Mechanical And Electronic Industries. When The Spring Is Loaded, It Can Produce A Large Elastic Deformation, Transform Mechanical Or Kinetic Energy Into Deformation Energy, And After Unloading, The Deformation Of The Spring Disappears And Returns To Its Original State. Deformation Can Be Converted Into Mechanical Or Kinetic Energy.